Joseph Ennemoser

right Joseph Ennemoser (15 November 1787 – 19 September 1854) was a South Tyrolean physician and stubborn late proponent of Franz Mesmer's theories of animal magnetism. He became known to English readers through Mary Howitt's translation of his ''History of Magic'' (1819, 1844, tr. 1854).

Ennemoser, the child of poor parents, was born in Egghof bei Rabenstein (today Moos in Passeier, South Tyrol, Italy) and raised by his grandfather. He attended high school in Merano and Trento, and from 1806 studied medicine in Innsbruck. On the outbreak of war in 1809 he became a secretary to Andreas Hofer, and later continued his studies in Erlangen and Vienna. In 1812 he moved to Berlin, where he met Christian Friedrich von Petersdorff and Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow. In the summer of 1812, he went to London together with several Tyroleans to appeal for support in the fight against Napoleon. From 1813 he was in the Lützow Free Corps as an active leader of a group of Tyrolean marksmen which gained fame at Lauenburg and Jülich. In September 1813 he was promoted to second lieutenant.

After the First Treaty of Paris in 1814, he completed his studies in Berlin and became a supporter of Franz Anton Mesmer and his theory of animal magnetism. In 1819, he became a professor of medicine in Bonn, leaving in 1837 for Innsbruck and then, in 1841, settling in Munich, where he earned a great reputation as a "magnetic physician." He died in Egern (now Rottach-Egern) by Lake Tegernsee in southern Germany.

A Viennese street, the Ennemosergasse, was named after him in 1955. Provided by Wikipedia
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