Xenophon

Xenophon of Athens (; , ''Xenophōn''; c. 430–354 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, historian, soldier, mercenary, and student of Socrates. As a historian, Xenophon is known for recording the history of his contemporary time, the late-5th and early-4th centuries BC, in such works as the ''Hellenica'', about the final seven years and the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), a thematic continuation of Thucydides' ''History of the Peloponnesian War''. As one of the Ten Thousand (Greek mercenaries), he also participated in Cyrus the Younger's failed campaign to claim the Persian throne from his brother Artaxerxes II of Persia and recounted the events in ''Anabasis'', his most notable history. Like Plato (427–347 BC), Xenophon is an authority on Socrates, about whom he wrote several books of dialogues (the ''Memorabilia'') and an ''Apology of Socrates to the Jury'', which recounts the philosopher's trial in 399 BC.

Despite being born an Athenian citizen, Xenophon was also associated with Sparta, the traditional enemy of Athens. His pro-oligarchic politics, military service under Spartan generals, in the Persian campaign and elsewhere, and his friendship with King Agesilaus II endeared Xenophon to the Spartans. Some of his works have a pro–Spartan bias, especially the royal biography ''Agesilaus'' and the ''Constitution of the Spartans''.

Xenophon's works span several genres and are written in plain-language Attic Greek, for which reason they serve as translation exercises for contemporary students of the Ancient Greek language. In the ''Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers'', Diogenes Laërtius observed that, as a writer, Xenophon of Athens was known as the “Attic Muse”, for the sweetness of his diction (2.6). Provided by Wikipedia
1
2
by Xenophon v430-v355
Published 1502
Book
3
by Xenophon
Published 1502
kostenfrei
eBook
6
by Xenophon v430-v355
Published 1503
Book
7
by Xenophon
Published 1503
Book
10
by Xenophon
Published 1504
kostenfrei
eBook
11
by Xenophon v430-v355
Published 1505
kostenfrei
Book
13
Other Authors: '; ...Xenophon, ca. 430-354 v. Chr.. -...
Book
14
by Xenophon v430-v355
Published 1510
Book
15
by Nanni, Giovanni
Published 1511
Other Authors: '; ...Xenophon...
Book
16
by Maffei, Raffaele 1451-1522
Published 1511
Other Authors: '; ...Xenophon v430-v355...
Book
17
19
by Nanni, Giovanni
Published 1512
Other Authors: '; ...Xenophon...
Book
20
by Nanni, Giovanni
Published 1515
Other Authors: '; ...Xenophon...
Book
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search