Ernst SellinErnst Sellin (26 May 1867 in Alt Schwerin – 1 January 1946 in Epichnellen bei Eisenach) was a German Protestant theologian.
Sellin studied theology and oriental languages. During 1897–1908 he taught at the Protestant faculty of theology in Vienna, during 1908–1913 at the University of Rostock, during 1913–1921 in Kiel and in 1921–1935 in Berlin.
Sellin was Old Testament scholar and a pioneer of application of archaeology into Biblical sciences. With his excavations in Ta'anakh he initiated and led one of the first excavations of a ″tell″ in Palestine/Land of Israel (there he also found cuneiform tablets from about the 15th cent. BCE, that were edited by Friedrich Hrozný); together with others he also conducted excavations in Jericho and Shechem.
Sellin's description of the two places of Jericho, one being the old city mentioned in the Book of Joshua and other passages, and the other the new Roman city, allows a possible explanation of an alleged contradiction between the gospels of Mark and Luke, i.e. whether Jesus healed a blind man on the way to or after arriving in the city of Jericho (Luke 18:35 and Mark 10:46). As the two "Jerichos" were about a mile apart, one may understand that Jesus left Luke's Jericho and was arriving at Mark's Jericho when this took place.
Sellin's main topic was the study of the Old Testament in historical, religio-historical and theological perspectives. Probably his most successful book was his ''Einleitung in das Alte Testament'' from 1910, which was updated and expanded by himself (until 7th. ed. 1935) and later on by others until 12th. ed. 1979 (Engl. translation: ''Introduction to the OT,'' 1923). He also tried to apply the results from archaeology to the history of ancient Israel. In his exegesis of the book of (Deutero-)Isaiah he related the suffering servant to Moses and concluded that Moses would have died as martyr by his own people. This idea in turn was taken up by Sigmund Freud. Provided by Wikipedia