PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy (; , ''Klaúdios Ptolemaîos'' ; ; ) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer and astrologer. He lived in the city of Alexandria in the Roman province of Egypt, under the rule of the Roman Empire, had a Latin name, which several historians have taken to imply he was also a Roman citizen, cited Greek philosophers, and used Babylonian observations and Babylonian lunar theory. The 14th-century astronomer Theodore Meliteniotes gave his birthplace as the prominent Greek city Ptolemais Hermiou () in the Thebaid (). This attestation is quite late, however, and there is no other evidence to confirm or contradict it. He died in Alexandria around AD 168.
Ptolemy wrote several scientific treatises, three of which were of importance to later Byzantine, Islamic and Western European science. The first is the astronomical treatise now known as the ''Almagest'', although it was originally entitled the ''Mathematical Treatise'' (, ''Mathēmatikē Syntaxis'') and then known as the ''Great Treatise'' (, ''Hē Megálē Syntaxis''). The second is the ''Geography'', which is a thorough discussion of the geographic knowledge of the Greco-Roman world. The third is the astrological treatise in which he attempted to adapt horoscopic astrology to the Aristotelian natural philosophy of his day. This is sometimes known as the ''Apotelesmatika'' () but more commonly known as the ''Tetrabiblos'' from the Greek () meaning "Four Books" or by the Latin ''Quadripartitum''. Provided by Wikipedia
Preclarissimi viri Georgii Valle commentationes in Ptolomei quadripartitum inque Ciceronis Partitiones & Tusculanas questiones ac Plinii naturalis historie librum secundum
by Valla, Giorgio 1447-1500Other Authors: '; “...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...”
In Hoc Opere Haec Continentvr Geographiae Cl. Ptolemaei a plurimis uiris utrius[que] linguae doctiss. eme[n]data & cu[m] archetypo graeco ab ipsis collata
Published 1508Other Authors: '; “...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...”
Claudii Ptolemei viri Alexandrini Mathematicę disciplinę Philosophi doctissimi Geographię opus nouissima traductione e Gręcorum archetypis castigatissime pressum ...
Published 1513Other Authors: '; “...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...”
Jn hoc opere haec co[n]tinentur Noua translatio primi libri geographiae Cl. Ptolomaei quae quidem translatio verbum: habet e verbo fideliter expressum
Published 1514Other Authors: '; “...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...”
Sphera mundi noviter recognita cum commentariis & authoribus in hoc volumine contentis, vz [videlicet] quam in aliis hactenus impressis non reperies
by Johannes de Sacrobosco -1256Other Authors: '; “...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...”