Ptolemy

Early [[Baroque]] artist's rendition<ref name="portraits">Since no contemporary depictions or descriptions of Ptolemy are known to have existed,
later artist's impressions are unlikely to have reproduced his appearance accurately</ref> Claudius Ptolemy (; , ''Klaúdios Ptolemaîos'' ; ; ) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer and astrologer. He lived in the city of Alexandria in the Roman province of Egypt, under the rule of the Roman Empire, had a Latin name, which several historians have taken to imply he was also a Roman citizen, cited Greek philosophers, and used Babylonian observations and Babylonian lunar theory. The 14th-century astronomer Theodore Meliteniotes gave his birthplace as the prominent Greek city Ptolemais Hermiou () in the Thebaid (). This attestation is quite late, however, and there is no other evidence to confirm or contradict it. He died in Alexandria around AD 168.

Ptolemy wrote several scientific treatises, three of which were of importance to later Byzantine, Islamic and Western European science. The first is the astronomical treatise now known as the ''Almagest'', although it was originally entitled the ''Mathematical Treatise'' (, ''Mathēmatikē Syntaxis'') and then known as the ''Great Treatise'' (, ''Hē Megálē Syntaxis''). The second is the ''Geography'', which is a thorough discussion of the geographic knowledge of the Greco-Roman world. The third is the astrological treatise in which he attempted to adapt horoscopic astrology to the Aristotelian natural philosophy of his day. This is sometimes known as the ''Apotelesmatika'' () but more commonly known as the ''Tetrabiblos'' from the Greek () meaning "Four Books" or by the Latin ''Quadripartitum''. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Valla, Giorgio 1447-1500
Published 1502
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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2
Published 1508
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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3
by Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178
Published 1509
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6
Published 1513
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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8
by Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178
Published 1514
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9
by Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178
Published 1514
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11
Published 1514
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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12
by Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178
Published 1514
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15
by Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178
Published 1515
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16
by Johannes de Sacrobosco -1256
Published 1518
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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17
by Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178
Published 1519
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19
Published 1520
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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20
Published 1522
Other Authors: '; ...Ptolemaeus, Claudius 100-178...
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