NarayanaNarayana (Sanskrit: नारायण, IAST: ''Nārāyaṇa''), another name for Vishnu is the absolute being in Hinduism and is considered as the supreme deity in Vaishnavism. The Bhagavata Purana and Veda declares Narayana as a part of the Trimurti who creates unlimited universes and enters each one of them..
Narayana engages in the creation of 14 worlds within the universe as Brahma when he deliberately accepts rajas guna according to Brahmanism. Narayana himself sustains, maintains and preserves the universe as Vishnu by accepting sattva guna. In Shaivism, Narayana annihilates the universe at the end of maha-kalpa as Shiva or Rudra when he accepts tamas guna. Bhagavata Purana Canto 2 Chapter 5 Verse Bhagavata Purana Canto 11 Chapter 4 Verse 5 Vishnu Purana.
According to the Bhagavata Purana, Narayana Sukta, Purush Sukta and Sri Sukta from Vedas, the ultimate soul. He is also called as ''Surya Narayana'', one who shines like the brilliant sun. Bhagavata Purana (12.12.56): "Narayanam Devam adevam isam - Lord Narayana, (12.13.16): Just as the river Ganges is the greatest of all rivers, Lord Achyuta (Narayana) the supreme among deities (devas) and Lord Shambhu (Shiva) the greatest of Vaishnavas, so Bhagavata Purana is the greatest of all Puranas. He is said to pervade whatever is seen or heard in this universe from inside and outside alike. He is also mainly associated with the cosmic waters of creation.
According to Madhvacharya, Narayana is one of the five vyuhas of Vishnu, which are cosmic emanations of God in contrast to his incarnate avatars. Bryant, Edwin F., Krishna: a Sourcebook. p.359 "Madhvacharya separates Vishnu’s manifestations into two groups: Vishnu’s vyuhas (emanations) and His avataras (incarnations). The vyuhas have their basis in the Pancharatra agamas, a sectarian text that was accepted as authoritative by both the Vishishtadvaita and Madhva schools of Vedanta. They are mechanisms by which the universe is ordered, was created, and evolves. According to Madhvacharya, Vishnu has either four or five vyuhas, named Narayana, Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha, which evolve one after the other in the development of the universe. Provided by Wikipedia
The Hĕĕtōpădēs of Vĕĕshnŏŏ-Sărmā, in a series of connected fables : interspersed with moral, prudential, and political maxims /
Published 1787Other Authors: '; “...Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍita 9./14. Jh....”