Luigi Illica

150px Luigi Illica (9 May 1857 – 16 December 1919) was an Italian librettist who wrote for Giacomo Puccini (usually with Giuseppe Giacosa), Pietro Mascagni, Alfredo Catalani, Umberto Giordano, Baron Alberto Franchetti and other important Italian composers. His most famous opera libretti are those for ''La Bohème'', ''Tosca'', ''Madama Butterfly'' and ''Andrea Chénier''.

Illica was born at Castell'Arquato. His personal life sometimes imitated his libretti. The reason he is always photographed with his head slightly turned is because he lost his right ear in a duel over a woman. When silent films based on Illica's operas were made, his name appeared in large letters on advertisements because distributors could only guarantee that his stories would be used, and not that they would be accompanied by the music of the appropriate composer.

As a playwright of considerable quality, he is today remembered through one of Italy's oldest awards, the Luigi Illica International Prize founded in 1961, which goes to world famous opera singers, opera conductors, directors and authors. The Award is now awarded every two years and alternates with the Illica Opera Stage International Competition, which offers prizes and debut opportunities to young singers. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1890
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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2
by Catalani, Alfredo 1854-1893
Published 1893
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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3
by Catalani, Alfredo 1854-1893
Published 1893
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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4
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1896
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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5
by Giordano, Umberto 1867-1948
Published 1896
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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6
by Mascagni, Pietro 1863-1945
Published 1898
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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7
by Mascagni, Pietro 1863-1945
Published 1898
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi, 1859-1919...
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8
by Mascagni, Pietro 1863-1945
Published 1898
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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9
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1899
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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10
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1899
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
Book
11
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1899
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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12
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1899
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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13
by Rossi, Cesare
Published 1906
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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14
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1906
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi, 1859-1919...
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15
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1907
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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16
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1907
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi, 1859-1919...
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17
by Puccini, Giacomo 1858-1924
Published 1911
Other Authors: '; ...Illica, Luigi 1859-1919...
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