Friedrich David Gräter

Etching after a portrait by  Georg Peter Groß  (1782–1858). Friedrich David Gräter (1768–1830) was one of the founders of the field of Scandinavian studies and Germanic philology in Germany.

A native of Schwäbisch Hall, Gräter studied theology, philosophy and philology in Halle and Erlangen. He worked as a gymnasium teacher of Greek and Hebrew in Schwäbisch Hall, from 1804 as rector. He was a member of Pegnesischer Blumenorden from 1781, and member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences from 1792. He married Christiane Spittler in 1799. They had no children and divorced in 1803. In 1805, Gräter married Maria Elisabetha, née Hofmann, widowed Seiferheld und Haspel, with whom he had a daughter. In 1818 he became rector of the gymnasium at Ulm. He retired in 1826 and moved to Schorndorf.

Gräter was among the first scholars to systematically approach old German and Scandinavian philology, in the 1780s to 1790s. He published an anthology of Old Norse poetry in 1789 (''Nordische Blumen''). He was the editor of the journals ''Bragur'' and ''Idunna und Hermode''. He bitterly criticized the Romanticist character of the early publications of the Brothers Grimm. The enmity between Gräter and the Grimms contributed to a systematic suppression of Gräter's achievements in the earlier history of the field; in the opinion of Heinrichs (1986), the Grimms "all but succeeded in suppressing the founder of scholarly Nordic studies in Germany. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Gräter, Friedrich David
Published 1789
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by Fulda, Carl Friedrich
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Published 1796
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Published 1797
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