Miguel de Cervantes

The well-known portrait, supposedly by [[Juan de Jáuregui]], mentioned in the prologue of the [[Exemplary Novels]]. It has not been authenticated, and the names of Cervantes and Jáuregui on it were added centuries after it was painted. No authenticated image of Cervantes exists, and the Jáuregui painting is lost.{{efn|The most reliable and accurate portrait of the writer is the description provided by Cervantes himself in the prologue of the [[Exemplary Novels]], complaining that the now-lost portrait by [[Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar]] was not used as a frontispiece.<ref name="Gut">{{cite web Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (; 29 September 1547 (assumed)22 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language, and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists. He is best known for his novel ''Don Quixote'', a work often cited as both the first modern novel, and one of the pinnacles of literature.

Much of his life was spent in poverty and obscurity, many of its details are disputed or unknown, and the bulk of his surviving work was produced in the three years preceding his death. Despite this, his influence and literary contribution are reflected by the fact Spanish is often referred to as "the language of Cervantes".

In 1569, Cervantes was forced to leave Spain and moved to Rome, where he worked in the household of a cardinal. In 1570, he enlisted in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment, and was badly wounded at the Battle of Lepanto in October 1571. He served as a soldier until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates; after five years in captivity, he was ransomed, and returned to Madrid.

His first significant novel, titled ''La Galatea'', was published in 1585, but he continued to work as a purchasing agent, then later a government tax collector. Part One of ''Don Quixote'' was published in 1605, Part Two in 1615. Other works include the 12 ''Novelas ejemplares'' (''Exemplary Novels''); a long poem, the ''Viaje del Parnaso'' (''Journey to Parnassus''); and ''Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses'' (''Eight Plays and Eight Entr'actes''). ''Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda'' (''The Travails of Persiles and Sigismunda''), was published posthumously in 1616. Provided by Wikipedia
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