John Adams

John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the first Vice President (1789–1797) and second President of the United States (1797–1801). He was a lawyer, diplomat, political theorist, and leader of the movement for American independence from Great Britain. He was also a dedicated diarist and correspondent, particularly with his wife and closest advisor, Abigail.

Adams collaborated with his cousin, revolutionary leader Samuel Adams, but established his own prominence prior to the American Revolution. Devoted to the right to counsel and the presumption of innocence, he defied local anti-British sentiment and successfully defended the accused British soldiers of the Boston Massacre in court. Adams was sent as a delegate from colonial Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, where he played a leading role in persuading Congress to declare independence. He assisted in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and was its foremost advocate in Congress. As a diplomat in Europe, he helped negotiate the peace treaty with Great Britain and acquired vital governmental loans from Amsterdam bankers. Adams was the primary author of the Massachusetts Constitution in 1780, which influenced the development of America's own constitution, as did his earlier ''Thoughts on Government''.

Adams' credentials as a revolutionary secured him two terms as George Washington's vice president and also his own election in 1796 as president. During his single term, he encountered fierce criticism from the Jeffersonian Republicans, as well as from the dominant faction in his own Federalist Party, led by his rival Alexander Hamilton. Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts and built up the army and navy in the face of an undeclared naval "Quasi-War" with France. The main accomplishment of his presidency was a peaceful resolution of this conflict in the face of public anger and Hamilton's opposition. He was the first president to reside in the executive mansion now known as the White House.

Facing opposition from Federalists and accusations of monarchical tendencies and despotism from Republicans, Adams lost re-election to his former friend Thomas Jefferson and retired to Massachusetts. He eventually resumed his friendship with Jefferson by initiating a correspondence which lasted fourteen years. He and his wife established a family of politicians, diplomats, and historians now referred to as the Adams political family, whose most notable member was their son John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the United States. John Adams died on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, hours after Jefferson's death. Modern historians have favorably ranked his administration. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Adams, John
Published 1680
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by Adams, John
Published 1690
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by Adams, John
Published 1695
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by Adams, John
Published 1695
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by Adams, John
Published 1696
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by Adams, John
Published 1700
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by Adams, John
Published 1700
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by Adams, John
Published 1700
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by Adams, John
Published 1700
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by Warren, James
Published 1777
Other Authors: '; ...Adams, John 19.10.1735-04.07.1826...
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Published 1783
Subjects: '; ...Adams, John 1735-1826 Political and social views...
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by Adams, John, 1735-1826.
Published 1787
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