Teofil Żebrawski

Teofil Żebrawski, self-portrait, 1830 Teofil Żebrawski (1800–1887) was a Polish mathematician, bibliographer, architect, biologist, archeologist, cartographer and geodesist; an erudite and polymath. Pioneer of the modern Polish mathematical bibliography.

He was an author of works mainly about road, iron road and bridge constructions, cartography, topography and entomology. Author of Polish, French and German dictionary of architecture, building engineering and materials science terms. Author and publisher of Free City of Kraków maps from 1833, city map of Kraków from 1834 and health resorts map of Galicia and Bukowina. Żebrawski derived the chain curve formula and applied it to the bridge arc calculations. He published a paper on the main causes of train derailment and its present methods. He introduced his own method of maps and map graticule classification. He researched and described changes in fauna of butterflies in Kraków region. Żebrawski directed restorations of Dominicans Church in Kraków, altars of St. Mary's Basilica and Royal Graves of the Wawel Cathedral.

Żebrawski was also a translator. His notable translations to Polish language includes ''The Poems of Ossian'' originally written by James Macpherson and ''Diversarum Artium Schedula — Libri III'' by Theophilus Presbyter.

He participated in the November Uprising (1830–1831) as a First Lieutenant-Engineer (''porucznik-inżynier'') of Józef Dwernicki corps and in the Kraków Uprising (1846) as a Captain (''kapitan''). Provided by Wikipedia